What is diarrhoea,causes,symptoms and treatment
Diarrhoea means passing frequent, loose, watery stools 3 or more times in a day. Diarrhoea is often accompanied by vomiting. It is very common in children. The commonest cause in this age group is viral. There is therefore usually no need to prescribe antibiotics. Fluid loss occurs quickly in children because of their size. If this is not corrected it may result in dehydration which can be fatal. In children, other diseases like malaria, pneumonia, ear infections, urinary infections, may cause diarrhoea. Examine the child fully to make sure there is no obvious cause for the diarrhoea. The presence of a fever usually indicates an underlying cause.
Never take the complaint of diarrhoea lightly. Always ask how many times that day and the day before the patient has been to the toilet, and the texture of the stools. To one person who usually passes stool once in three (3) days, a motion every day seems like diarrhoea, but to another person this is normal. Giving antibiotics may cause or prolong the diarrhoea except in special circumstances (see below). Malnutrition causes diarrhoea, which in turn also causes malnutrition, setting up a vicious cycle. Never give enemas or laxatives to patients with diarrhoea.